Discipleship in general is an individual who follows the teaching and the lifestyle of another. That individual commits to a rule and way of life.
In many respects the difference between a Trappist Monk and a Benedictine Monk is their order or rule of life and teaching. Discipleship specifically related to the followers of Christ and the movement and continuum He began is still related to His teaching and way of life. The differentiator is to what end and what path.
Parenting in many respects is a form of discipleship, we are teaching and we are modeling. The followers of Christ are differentiated by the truth that is taught and the life that is lived, to simply know the truth but not live the life is not discipleship.
The ultimate end in Christian discipleship is replication, “Go make disciples”. The question arises, “Am I making another disciple?” The goal when leading on the discipleship path is always to become, not just to do. Much of what happens in the church is information teaching and mobilizing individuals to a task, often what is missing is developing them to the point of replication.